3d modeling

How 3D modeling is used in mining

3D modeling is one of the fastest adaptive techniques in the world and geological modeling plays a crucial role in the mining industry. This article examines the processes of 3D modeling, their use in the mining industry, its benefits, the challenges faced in 3D modeling, as well as a concise overview of what the future holds.

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What is 3D modeling?

3D modeling is a digital design approach that creates a three-dimensional visual image of any element or surface. The mesh is a fundamental design component in 3D modeling, and it can be thought of as a series of points in spacetime.

Meshes are formed when an author uses specific software to modify points in the virtual world (called vertices) to create a mesh: a group of vertices that are connected to form an element. It is possible to produce these three-dimensional objects automatically or manually by twisting the geometry or modifying the vertices.

Three-dimensional models are used in a multitude of media, such as computer games, movies, construction, art, and engineering. The cost of manufacturing prototypes, which has been reduced to almost zero since the expansion of 3D modeling technology, has driven almost all industries to use this revolutionary concept.

3D modeling in the mining industry

Mining operations increasingly depend on 3D rendering technology, which is quickly becoming indispensable.

As mining activities move to more remote locations, the costs of building necessary infrastructure and housing for employees become higher, posing various challenges for mining companies.

In addition to research (where it has existed for ages) and production (to examine inventories above Earth, such as in old mines or smelting mines), laser scanning systems are rapidly being used in underground operations.

One of the main advantages of laser scanning is its reliability. Small remote-controlled drones or vehicles equipped with this technology can provide us with an accurate image of the side walls of mines, heaps, embankments and other structures without endangering the lives of the men on the ground.

Fares Abu-Abed’s latest research helps in the video depiction of equipment used in the advancement of coal reserves in the mining sector and how they have made a significant contribution in improving the organizational performance of training specialists, as well as planning and controlling. The progress described can be used as a graphic representation of mining machine concepts, as well as in the production of three-dimensional objects.

Benefits of 3D modeling

Geospatial technology plays a vital role in security and rescue operations. A major incident occurred in Chile several years ago where workers were trapped underground. Geospatial technology helped the recovery team locate and rescue workers. Using the setup, rescuers were able to lower a camera into drilled holes to find the workers below.

In developing map data and visual displays for client briefings, congressional meetings, and selling a project idea to financiers, geospatial technology is very beneficial. Autodesk InfraWorks is an essential technology offered to the mining sector. With this technology, users can generate design proposals and provide information to customers in new and efficient ways.

Using this technology, users can instantly combine different data sources into three-dimensional architectural drawings, which can be used to plan and design infrastructure projects. These designs can then be used to engage relevant parties, and the initial design can then be transferred to AutoCAD Civil 3D software for optimization and creation of construction documents, if required.

Challenges encountered

The idea of ​​getting huge mining developments from discovery and readiness to manufacturing can take a long time, which makes developing the layout and readiness of critical systems extremely important to avoid tax imposition. interruptions.

The software used is advancing at such a rapid rate that it is being applied in places that no one could have foreseen.

A great example is the use of autonomous vehicles in a mining operation. There is a desperate need for highly skilled workers, but a major difficulty is that many highly skilled workers dislike working in remote and hostile environments. The majority of these qualified professionals enjoy working in a pleasant environment. There is an urgent need to address this issue immediately.

Role of companies

Companies such as SRK Consulting, DBM vircon and Maptek provide quality 3D services for the mining industry.

Autodesk InfraWorks is poised to become a major force in the development of geospatial technologies in the future. It represents a watershed moment in the history of geospatial technology. This technology allows mining companies to present a “one-stop-shop” response that brings together different data sources (geographic information systems, laser scanning and computer vision) to quickly display design requirements.

Another major factor ensuring a successful future for 3D modeling is the use of data science, AI and machine learning (ML), aimed specifically at the mining industry.

Technologies such as ML and its incorporation into 3D spatial modeling systems will become even more beneficial in the coming years as the shortage of mining expertise, currently felt in some regions, becomes more acute.

References and further reading

Abu-Abed, F. (2021). Development of three-dimensional models of objects in the mining industry. E3S Web Conferencing 278. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202127801002

Barnewold, L., & Lottermoser, BG 2020. Identifying Digital Technologies and Digitization Trends in the Mining Industry. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 30(6). 747-757. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmst.2020.07.003

Admin, C. 2010. Simulated structures: 3D modeling and factory design. [Online] https://www.mining-technology.com/analysis/feature100760/ [Accessed on 23 April 2022].

Horner, J., Naranjo, A., & Weil, J. 2016. Digital Data Acquisition and 3D Structural Modeling for Mining and Civil Engineering – The La Colosa Gold Mining Project, Colombia. Geomechanics and tunneling. 9(1). 52-57. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/geot.201500046

Leonida, C. 2020. From model, to mine to market and vice versa. [Online] https://theintelligentminer.com/2020/09/16/mining-and-3d-modelling-technology/ [Accessed 24 April 2022].

DBM Vircon. 2022. Industrial and mining. [Online] Available at: https://www.dbmvircon.com/industrial-mining/ [Accessed on 24 April 2022].

Maptec. 2022. Maptek Vulcan. [Online] Available at: https://www.maptek.com/products/vulcan/ [Accessed on 24 April 2022].

council srk. 2022. 3D geological modeling. [Online] Available at: https://www.srk.com/en/services/3d-geological-modelling [Accessed on 24 April 2022].

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