3d modeling

What did Jesus of Nazareth really look like? 3D modeling helps anthropologist get closer to the truth – 3DPrint.com

Probably not accurate, mid 12th century artist.

I went to Catholic school for twelve years, so I was often surrounded by images of Jesus. His likeness has been depicted by a variety of artists, in a variety of styles, but most of the images seemed to have one thing in common: They showed Jesus as a light-skinned, often blond man who sometimes had blue eyes. . I didn’t think about it when I was in elementary school, but at some point, as I got older, the question arose: if Jesus was from Israel, why does he always look so Caucasian on photos ?

This question fuels many discussions about race and religion, but I won’t get into the deeper issues behind traditional Western depictions of Christ at this time. While most paintings of religious figures come from the imaginations of their creators, a retired medical artist named Richard Neave created a series of images of Jesus that are perhaps the most accurate to date. How did he do it? Science, of course.Jesus

Neave, who is retired from the University of Manchester, has worked with a technique called forensic anthropology for around 20 years. He detailed the technique in the book Making Faces: Using Forensic and Archaeological Evidence. It’s a relatively new field that has come about as technology has advanced, and it’s kind of like solving a puzzle. It is often used to identify long-buried remains, as well as to shed new light on century-old crimes. In Neave’s case, he uses it to determine, as accurately as possible, what ancient historical figures looked like.

Neave, of course, didn’t have the actual remains of Jesus to work with, but he was able to obtain the skulls of three of Jesus’ contemporaries. Israeli archaeologists have discovered remains of Semites from the Jerusalem area, dating from the time of Christ. Neave borrowed three of the skulls and used computerized tomography to create thin x-ray slices that allowed him to study the finer details of their structures. Specialized computer programs used tissue thickness information on key areas of the human face to create muscle and skin on the digital images of the skulls, and additional specialized software was used to check the results against to anthropological data.


Keith Kasnot/National Geographic Image

Next comes 3D modeling. Using data collected from the three skulls, Neave and his team created a detailed 3D model, which they then used to construct a clay cast of the skull. Features such as the nose, lips and eyelids were added following the shape created by the underlying muscles.

jesus2Since Jesus’ hair and color could not be determined from the scans, Neave used drawings, dating from the first century, that had been found at several archaeological sites to confirm that an Israeli at the time of Jesus would have had black eyes. and dark skinned. Jewish custom of the time also indicates that he would have been bearded. Another departure from traditional depictions of Jesus came from the Bible itself: while he is usually depicted with long hair, a biblical passage from Paul describes a man’s long hair as a “disgrace” – not exactly something Jesus’ most devoted follower would have. said of his master.

The tall, slender figure depicted in the paintings is also likely inaccurate. Analysis of skeletal remains from the time indicate that Jesus would have been around 5″1′, 110 pounds and quite muscular due to his profession as a carpenter.

Although forensic anthropology is not an exact science, most experts agreed that Neave’s depiction is likely much more accurate than the majority of images produced by artists. And that’s an important reminder, according to Charles D. Hackett, director of episcopal studies at Emory University’s Candler School of Theology.

“The fact that he probably looked much more like a darker-skinned Semite than Westerners are used to seeing him photographed is a reminder of his universality,” Hackett said. “And [it is] a reminder of our tendency to appropriate sin in the service of our cultural values.

What do you think of this use of 3D printing. Discuss it in the 3D Printing Jesus forum thread on 3DPB.com.